A Guide to Minecraft: Resources for Project-Based Learning

A Guide to Minecraft Resources for Project-Based Learning Cover image - EduMEE

A Guide to Minecraft: Resources for Project-Based Learning

In a Guide to Minecraft: Resources for Project-Based Learning you will see how PBL and Minecraft go excellent together. The game Minecraft is set in a world made out of blocks. Players can break those blocks and use them to build new things. Kids are blocked from accessing their resources until they meet special challenges that will enable them to get access to these materials.

There are many ways to do this, but one way is through project-based learning (PBL). To help educators who want to use Minecraft as a way to teach learners about resource management, sustainability, and innovation, we’ve compiled a list of the best resources for PBL with Minecraft. Each resource includes tips for successful implementation, examples, and activities for different grade levels. You’ll also find links to additional information and other resources related to Minecraft and PBL.

Introduction to Minecraft and PBL

Minecraft is a sandbox construction and survival game that can be played on computers, consoles, and mobile devices. The game is mostly unstructured, but there are different ways to play. Some players build amazing structures out of pixelated blocks while others go on expeditions to find rare materials. Some build powerful creations while others find ways to survive in a hostile environment.

Project-based learning (PBL) is a type of curriculum that empowers students to explore concepts and take ownership of their own learning. It’s an effective way to encourage critical thinking, collaboration, and creativity. PBL often takes place in a real-world context that’s relevant to students’ lives. This kind of hands-on learning can be especially appealing to children who prefer to learn through exploration.

Why Use Minecraft for PBL?

One of the best things about Minecraft is that players don’t have to know anything about the game to play. You can start playing without any knowledge of how to play the game and without any preconceived notions about what you are supposed to do in the game.

Exploring and experimenting with Minecraft can help students discover what interests them by trying out lots of different activities. Unlike other games or computer programs, Minecraft gives players the freedom to build, experiment, and create almost anything (within the limitations of the game).

Minecraft can be used to teach almost any topic and has become especially popular with STEM educators. Minecraft is a powerful tool for encouraging students to play, explore, and learn through discovery.

project-based learning with Minecraft - EduMEE

Common Mistakes When Using Minecraft for PBL

The biggest mistake educators make when they use Minecraft to teach is trying to do too much. It’s important to pick one or two topics to explore. Trying to cover too many topics will make it difficult for students to focus on any one thing. Another common mistake is expecting students to learn everything about the topics they explore in Minecraft. This is a mistake because students don’t have to know anything about the topics they explore in Minecraft. 

Students should use Minecraft to explore topics, not to learn them. This means students are primarily responsible for their own learning. Teachers are responsible for guiding, mentoring, and facilitating student learning. Educators can do this by creating guided tasks that allow students to explore topics in Minecraft and share their findings with the class.

Sample Activities in Minecraft for PBL

  • Ecology and Environment-Use Minecraft to explore the interrelationships and interdependencies of living organisms and their environments. This can be done by creating a basic ecosystem and living world in Minecraft.
  • Open-Ended Inquiry – Use Minecraft to explore a topic and let students create their own questions as they explore.
  • Creative Inquiry – Use Minecraft to let students use their creativity to explore a topic and create something that shares what they’ve learned.
  • Building a Better World – Use Minecraft to explore ways to build sustainable communities.
  • Design Challenge – Create a design challenge related to a topic of interest and explore different ways to solve the problem in Minecraft.
  • Design Challenge Based on Problem-Solving – Create a design challenge that encourages students to solve a problem in Minecraft and then reflect on their findings.
  • Design Challenge Based on Crafting –  a design challenge that explores different ways of crafting in Minecraft and then reflects on their findings.Project-Based Learning



Minecraft is an open-ended game with no win-state. The game can be as simple or complex as the players want. There are no rules, no objectives, and no wrong way to play. Instead of being a game, Minecraft can be considered a creative tool that can be used to express ideas, solve problems, and connect people. Teachers and parents can use Minecraft to help students learn about a variety of topics such as science, mathematics, engineering, social studies, language arts, and the arts.

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